“Yahweh will not judge a single animal because of man, but will judge the souls of men according to how they treat their animals in this world; for men have a special place.
And as every soul of man is numbered, similarly, animals will not perish, nor all spirits of animals which Yahweh created, until the great judgement, and they will accuse man, if he treated them cruelly.
Whoever defiles animals defiles his own soul.
For man brings clean animals to make sacrifice for sin, so that he may have a cure for his soul. And if they bring for sacrifice clean animals, and birds, man has a cure, he cures his soul.
All that is given to you for food, bind it by the four feet, to make good the cure, to cure the soul. But whoever kills an animal without wounds (for sport; not for food or in self-defense), kills his own soul and defiles his own flesh.
And he who injures any animal whatsoever, in secret, it is an evil practice, and he defiles his own soul.” Book of Enoch
Cruelty to animals, birds, reptiles, fish and other creatures is commonplace. Whether for research, in the name of ‘science’ and ‘progress’ (this includes dissecting live frogs in science labs), for entertainment — in zoos, game parks and circuses, or as pets in our homes or businesses, it is wrong, and terribly unfair, to imprison and enslave any creature.
Bestiality is also cruelty to animals; it is an evil, unholy and unnatural practice, which defiles animals and is forbidden by Yahweh.
“Anyone who lies with an animal is to be killed.” Exodus 22:19
“Do not lie with an animal and defile yourself with it; a woman must not present herself to an animal to lie with it; that is a perversion.” Leviticus 18:23
How would you enjoy living in a cage, or a small confined space, so that selfish, unfeeling giants (for that is how animals perceive us) can gawp at you at will? Have you ever considered the trauma caused to these creatures when they are captured and enslaved for our pleasure? These enslaved creatures never get to bathe or walk in sunshine after their capture.
Here’s an article that will give you an idea of how painful and terrifying it is for animals to be separated from their families, and how their families deal with the loss (excerpt from The Girl With No Name by Marina Chapman with Vanessa James and Lynne Barrett-Lee):
How long had I been living among the towering trees with my monkey family? It was impossible to tell. I had been looking forward to my fifth birthday when I was kidnapped and abandoned, and must have spent almost as many years in my new life. I thought it would never end.
But one day, suddenly, everything in my monkey world changed for ever. Dawn arrived with its usual bustle of activity, but the regular cacophony was pierced by an immediate-danger call from one of the monkeys.
It was like a well-rehearsed fire drill. The birds were suddenly fewer, and those that remained airborne were now flying anxiously, high above us. An eerie silence hovered.
I followed the other animals in the dash to safety — in my case, this meant a hollow tree that had been my home for so long. I crouched there, hidden from sight by some fallen branches, and wondered what monstrous thing could create so much fear.
It was the noise that came first. A loud and unsettling sound that was strangely methodical. The noise grew and was then accompanied by the sight of two white men, dressed in green clothing and carrying, as well as their fearsome glinting machetes, a variety of sacks, guns and nets.
I watched them slash their way through the undergrowth. I had no idea what they wanted or why they seemed so intent on destruction, but that question was soon answered.
The nets, I realised as I watched them, were for catching and stealing whatever creatures they fancied. First, a bright, unwary butterfly was scooped up in an instant, the net secured and slung over a shoulder.
Then their attention turned to birds. I watched as they fired a different sort of net, this time to trap a beautiful parrot. They tethered it by the legs, causing it to flap in a panic, its elegant feathers drifting to the forest floor.
Would I be the next prey they captured? They had the means to catch anything they wanted, from birdlife to insects, lizards and snakes.
No wonder that monkey had been so insistent in his warning. We were clearly all in great danger.
It marked the beginning of the end of my innocence. From that day, I became used to the sound of a machete swishing through the undergrowth.
The fear I felt, being so small and helpless, was of a kind all its own.
Sometimes the hunters came by day and sometimes by night. Other times, they’d pounce just as dusk was falling, shining their torches into the eyes of tired, sleepy creatures whose shrieks would rip through the darkness.
Worse than that, though, was that they sometimes came for monkeys. They would pick off the youngsters. They knew there was a chance the young ones would be too distracted by their games to see and react to them until it was too late.
They would simply be shot with a tranquilliser dart out of the trees and then imprisoned in black nets.
It was agonising to watch the mothers suffering in the weeks afterwards. More than once I saw bereft monkey mothers simply lie down and die.
Let’s look at some examples of cruelty to animals:
Bear in circus
Elephants in circus
Tiger in circus
Horse in circus
Rabbits in hatch
Cat locked in room
Cheetahs as pets
Goldfish in bowl
Fish in aquarium
Fish in a pond
Crocodile in a cage
Hamsters in cage
Rat in a cage
Whale shark at the Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium in Japan
Dolphins at Brookfield Zoo
Octopus in zoo
Pet snake in glass cage
Pet spider in glass cage
Panda cubs in Beijing Zoo
Caged monkey in zoo
Caged bear in zoo
Caged lions in zoo
Caged snake at Parassinikkadavu Snake Park
Leopard caged in zoo
Tethered horse with bridle, and shoes
It is plain EVIL to shoe and sore horses, and excruciatingly painful and crippling. ‘Soring’ is the intentional infliction of pain to a horse’s legs or hooves in order to force him to perform an artificial, exaggerated gait — known as the ‘Big Lick’.
Unethical trainers may use painful chemicals or pressure shoeing, which involves cutting the hooves painfully short or inserting a foreign object and nailing the shoe on. In a newer kind of pressure shoeing, trainers force a horse to stand on concrete with blocks of wood or other hard materials taped to the sensitive surface of his hoof until he is in so much pain that he can’t bear weight on his front feet.
Today, judges continue to reward this gait at horse shows, thus encouraging participants to sore their horses and allowing the cruel practice to persist.
Bareback bronc riding
Horse breaking or ‘breaking the spirit of a horse’
If you want to tame wild horses, why not befriend them? Be kind and loving, then they will willingly help you by allowing you to ride them. Place a LIGHT saddle on their backs with a SOFT blanket beneath it or, better still, ride them bareback like the Red Indians do.
The Rapa Das Bestas, translated as ‘Shearing Of The Beasts’, takes place over four days in Sebucedo, which is 40km from Santiago de Composetela. Hundreds of wild horses are rounded up and wrestled to the ground for a hair-cut, as part of a 400-year-old Spanish festival.
The festival sees horses herded down from the mountains by Aloitadores, or fighters, who work in teams of three to overpower them.
While the foals are simply marked, the adults have their manes and tails trimmed.
Thousands of visitors descend on the small village to watch the fighters man-handle the wild animals into submission.
One of the fighters cracks a wooden whip as he helps bring the wild horses down from the mountains surrounding Sabucedo
Two wild steads flare-up, standing on their hind legs and kicking each other, as they run out of room to move freely about
Spanish horse fighters get a firm grip around a terrified horse’s head as they prepare to trim its mane and tail
Two men hold the horse close and try and keep it calm as a third uses some heavy shears to trim the horse’s mane
Three fighters wrestle a horse to the ground as it kicks about aggressively
Horse racing is another evil, ancient tradition.
Argentinians are particularly cruel to their horses. Here’s a related article:
Polo, a killer for horses, has become fashionable with the new rich and the useless, who have fallen for its sly marketing as a sport for kings. Polo teams are snapped up by socially insecure wannabes. Polo matches are sponsored by arms dealers and attended by fading royalty desperate for their pictures in the papers, hired starlets, retired generals thirsting for free drinks, shady businesswallahs hoping to cadge contacts over alcohol and, alas, the press.
Polo has been declared one of the world’s most dangerous sports, both for the player and his mount. But while the rider elects to play, the horse has no choice. With so many players and horses on a field hurtling at 30 miles per hour, needing to stop on a dime and turn quickly, anything can happen.
The rider wears a protective helmet with a face guard, knee high riding boots, gloves, wristbands, knee pads and spurs. The stirrup irons are heavier than normal and their leathers wider and thicker to aid players standing in the stirrups. The only protective gear for the horse is polo wraps from the knee to the ankle. It’s not unusual to see a horse and rider tumble and roll together as they hit the ground.
Collisions are common. Mallets often hit and hurt both riders and mounts as well as trip the speeding horses. Falling and breaking ankles is common. But while injured riders are rushed to hospital, the best an injured horse can expect is a bullet in the brain.
Although full-sized adults, polo mounts are called ponies. The demands on a polo pony are severe. He needs speed, stamina, agility and maneuverability to be able to stop, turn and spring forward, all of which is far harder than simply running which is natural to the animal. Training the horse to cope under extreme pressure generally begins at age three and lasts from about six months to two years. It starts with ‘breaking in’ or taming the horse to submit to his handler. Tamers use techniques including blows and bucking, gagging, pulling at the mouth and whipping. Sometimes training is hurried. If a mare is good, she is usually highstrung and training in a hurry can trigger collapse. The animal is then deemed unfit for use and killed.
Cruelty continues on the field. In order to compel greater obedience, riders attach a small spiked wheel at the end of the spur called a rowel which digs into the animal’s undersides, causing excruciating pain and bloody gashes from being rowelled too hard.
Another so-called performance enhancing practice is blood doping. This entails giving the horse a blood transfusion in the mistaken belief that this increases energy. The blood is taken earlier from the horse and stored. During the match, the horse is stripped after each chukka, cooled down and injected with its own blood before returning to the game.
Sometimes the heart of the horse ruptures or literally bursts from extreme exertion.
Frequently, players tire out their mounts by pulling them up too suddenly or frighten them in very rough ride offs. A fearful horse will stop short and, no matter how vicious the whip, hesitate to continue. Yanking the mouth to turn can often break it, while gag bits routinely cut it. Everytime the reins are jerked, the pain intensifies, provoking the animal to act up. Should the rider get angry with the horse, the problem escalates. In one case, a polo pony had her tongue ripped off by the bit.
The pony’s mane is roached — completely shaved — and its tail braided so that it will not snag the rider’s mallet. Considered an obstruction, long tails are often docked with their ends being cut off to make them V-shaped. The operation is painful as the tail vertebrae are connected with the brain and spinal column.
Horses play during only one season of the year, when they are carted all across the country. Overstabling the rest of the year can lead to polo ponies becoming bored, lonely and aggressive. The expense of maintenance leads to corners being cut. For instance, regular shoeing is overlooked during the non-playing season. Shoes left too long put a strain on the tendons, increasing fragility of the legs. Since saddles are expensive, they are not made for each horse. Instead, owners make do with one size for all resulting in ill-fitting tacks with sharp bits causing injury to the animal.
What happens to a polo pony past his prime? He is either shot or sold to riding clubs and schools who underfeed and overwork him or her.
The Toro Jubilo (Fire Bull Festival) is an annual festival in the town of Medinaceli in central Spain. The fiesta is said to date back 400 years but the dictator General Franco banned it in 1962 after the British press revealed its cruelty to the world. However, the ban was lifted in 1977 and the festival revived in Medinaceli, which lies 100 miles north-east of Madrid.
Celebrated every November, the twisted revelry centres around the prolonged torture of a bull by attaching flares of burning pitch to its horns and then goading it as the poor creature thrashes around in terror and desperate agony. Small children clap and cheer along with their parents as 30 men drag the bull into the town square by a rope wound round its horns.
The town square is scattered with sand to turn it into a makeshift bullring. Men then light a circle of five bonfires to complete the transformation while a brass band plays in the background.
The bull fights with every muscle in its body as the men force it to the ground, tie it to a wooden post and strap a wood and steel frame to its horns:
Attached to this grotesque headdress are torches soaked in pitch — a mixture of turpentine and sulphur. The men then smother the bull’s face and neck in mud to stop its fur catching fire before igniting the torches.
When they are aflame the bull is cut free from the post and begins to run around the ring, furiously shaking its head as red-hot droplets fall from the torches on to its face. It thrashes about the makeshift bullring in a desperate bid to extinguish the flames.
Young men play at matadors, taunting the bull with coats spread open like capes. When the animal charges they leap over a safety fence, the spectators cheering them all the way.
After 45 minutes the bull is exhausted as well as petrified. It comes to a halt with breath steaming out of its nostrils, saliva dripping from its mouth and the hide on its flanks charred black.
When the torches finally burn out, hundreds of fire crackers are set off, terrifying the bull further before it is led out of the ring to be slaughtered.
Spanish animal rights groups say there are numerous fiestas based on animal cruelty around the country.
Skijoring, a winter sport where a person on skis is pulled by a horse, a dog (or dogs) is another evil practice. Skijoring is derived from the Norwegian word skikjøring, meaning ‘ski driving’. The skier wears a skijoring harness, the dog wears a sled dog harness, and the two are connected by a length of rope.
Animals should generally be kept indoors during winter, as the cold affects their health adversely. Trotting about in the snow will expose their noses, ears, cheeks, chins, paws and hooves to frostbite. For this reason, certain animals go into hibernation or torpor.
Skijoring with dogs
Skijoring with horse
The Dukha people, also known as the Tsaatans, who live in the remote, deep forest of northern Mongolia, are reindeer herders.
The reindeer have ropes tied around their necks, and are tethered
As a result of this cruel practice, the number of the reindeer has dwindled dramatically due to diseases, as they are wild animals, and cannot fend for themselves while in captivity.
The Dhuka continue to exploit the reindeer in summer.
For some years now, travel companies have been regularly offering options to visit a Dukha community as part of a Mongolian itinerary.
But getting to their remote habitat requires advanced horse-riding skills, as well as days traveling on a bumpy road by car that many visitors aren’t prepared or equipped to undertake.
This has prompted a small group of reindeer herders to come down from their traditional area to set up camp near the popular Lake Khovsgol tourist areas.
The reindeer, in particular, have proved to be a big hit among visitors who happily pay 5,000 Mongolian Tugrik ($2.50) for a one-off photo opportunity.
But their efforts have also attracted scrutiny from some travelers concerned about the reindeer being used to lure tourists.
So much so that some travel companies, such as Melbourne, Australia-based Intrepid Travel, now discourage visiting the tribe.
“Many travelers are of the opinion that this area isn’t the best environment for the reindeer as they’re native to much colder climates and are brought to Lake Khovsgol so the herders can benefit from tourism,” says Timur Yadamsuren, local guide and country manager for Intrepid Travel in Mongolia.
“For these reasons Intrepid Travel doesn’t recommend this activity.”
Some have accused the Dukha of abusing the reindeer for profit
Lake Khovsogol is too warm for reindeer
Zero grazing cows
Cat with collar
Dog with collar
Place a LOOSE FITTING collar on the dog’s neck while walking him/her (if it is absolutely necessary), and remove it immediately afterwards.
Using animals for experiments: Panbanisha, a bonobo at the Great Ape Trust in Des Moines, uses a computer monitor with more than 400 lexigrams, to speak to Liz Pugh, a researcher at the centre. If Yahweh wanted animals to speak, He would have enabled them to do so. Are you more powerful than He?
In the Xiongsen Bear and Tiger Mountain Village near Guilin in south-east China, the world’s biggest battery farm for rare animals, live cows and pigs are thrown to tigers to amuse visitors.
A group of tourists watch on in horror as a live cow is fed to a group of tigers at the Siberian Tiger Park in Harbin, China
In Qingdao Zoo (Eastern China), visitors can engage in ‘tortoise baiting’, where tortoises are kept inside small rooms with elastic bands around their necks so that they are unable to retract their heads. Visitors are allowed to throw coins at them. The marketing claim is that if you hit one of the tortoises on the head and make a wish, it will be fulfilled.
Zoo animals are under physical and mental stress and often exhibit abnormal or aggressive behaviour as a result. For example, elephants have been recorded displaying stereotypical behaviour in the form of head-bobbing, swaying back and forth, trunk swaying or route tracing, bears pace the surrounds of their enclosure, and wild cats groom themselves obsessively.
The only creatures we should keep as pets are those that can roam freely without injuring themselves or others, such as cats or dogs, and, even then, they should be treated in a humane manner, and not kept locked up indoors or chained or confined in kennels.
All the rest belong in their natural habitat, as Yahweh intended.
There are also those who eat live seafood (see Meat man is allowed to eat and The 12 Deadly Sins).
In Korea, eating live baby octopuses (nakji), is called ‘sannakji’ — a live octopus that has been cut into small pieces or prepared whole, and immediately served, usually with a light sesame oil seasoning, with its arms still squirming, sucking, grasping and wriggling on the plate.
In Japan, fish are prepared for sashimi while still alive and are called ‘ikizukuri’, which means ‘prepared alive’. The fish is typically filleted without actually being killed and served while the heart is still beating and the mouth is still gasping. Sometimes the fish is temporarily returned to an aquarium to swim around and recover for a second course. Fish is usually used, but sometimes octopus, shrimp and lobster are used instead.
Sea urchin are prized around the world for their fishy-flavored roe and flesh. Though they are often eaten raw, such as in sushi (typically called ‘uni’), some people prefer to eat them immediately after they are cut open. Scissors are often used to get past the protective spears.
Drunken shrimp is a popular dish in parts of China. It is based on fresh-water shrimp that are placed in a strong liquor, baijiu, and then eaten, often while they are alive.
Ying Yang fish, or ‘dead-and-alive fish’, originated in Taiwan, and consists of a whole live fish which has had some of its flesh deep-fried in such a way that the fish remains alive after the frying process. Some chefs say they prepare the fish this way to demonstrate it freshness to the customer. This dish is also popular in China, where it is served while the head is still fresh and moving.
Frog sashimi consists of serving most of the frog dead (and raw); the meal begins by eating the frog’s fresh, still-beating heart.
Odori ebi, which means ‘dancing shrimp’, is a sashimi delicacy in Japan. It includes live baby pink shrimp wriggling their legs and waving their antenna as they are eaten. The meal is prepared rapidly and quickly served to ensure the shrimp are still alive, and the shrimp are usually dunked in sake. Dancing shrimp are also eaten in Thailand, where they are known as Goong Ten.
Oysters are the most common animal often eaten raw and alive, while still in its liquid-filled half shell.
Tobiko is the Japanese word for flying fish roe. It is most widely known for its use in creating certain types of sushi. The eggs are small, ranging from 0.5 mm to 8 mm, and eaten raw.
Grubs and insects are also eaten alive. One example is the witchetty grub of Australian Aboriginal cuisine, which can be eaten alive and raw or cooked.
All creatures have SPIRITS and were created for a purpose. And that purpose is not to provide you with cheap entertainment! Lobsters, crabs, and other crustaceans experience pain, just like you do.
Crustaceans, which also include prawns and crayfish, are harvested and farmed for human consumption, and are subjected to extreme procedures. Crabs and lobsters have their claws tied and are piled into overcrowded tanks at supermarkets, and live prawns are impaled on sticks for cooking, while lobsters have their legs removed while still alive or are dropped alive in a boiling pot of water for cooking (and their screams of pain are clearly heard).
Testing of cosmetics on animals or using animals to treat venomous bites, by producing an anti-venom, is also cruel.
One example is antivenin, a serum that is commercially produced to neutralise the effects of the injected venom. At special laboratories, healthy horses are injected with increasing amounts of selected snake venom (non-fatal), gradually challenging the horse to make more antibodies. To obtain these antibodies, a small amount of blood is later removed from the horse and the protein antibodies are separated out and purified.
This cruel practice drastically reduces the horse’s lifespan from 20 years to just three or four, and weakens its immune system.
It is also cruel to eat birds’ eggs, as these are their FOETUSES (this includes chickens, geese, ducks, turkeys, peacocks, ostriches, emus and swans), collect and keep seashells, eat fish eggs (caviar, roe), and destroy birds’ nests and bees’ nests, wasps’ nests and spiders’ webs (unless they are inside your house or so close outside that you feel threatened by their presence).
And whipping, flogging, kicking, beating or physically abusing any creature in any way is inhumane and should be outlawed. So should spaying and neutering — all creatures have a right to procreate — and artificial insemination.
Also, the branding of cattle and horses is an unholy and unnecessary practice, as is implanting tracking microchips in pets and livestock, cock fighting, dog fighting and training dogs to be vicious, training service dogs, fox hunting or hunting any other creature for sport.
As Yahweh created all creatures in pairs, so should they live: Male and female. So when buying and raising animals, do so in pairs.
Food farms treat animals despicably:
On today’s factory farms, animals are crammed by the thousands into filthy, windowless sheds and confined to wire cages, gestation crates, barren dirt lots, and other cruel confinement systems. These animals will never raise their families, root around in the soil, build nests, or do anything that is natural and important to them. Most won’t even feel the sun on their backs or breathe fresh air until the day they are loaded onto trucks bound for slaughter. The green pastures and idyllic barnyard scenes of years past are now distant memories.
The factory farming industry strives to maximize output while minimizing costs — always at the animals’ expense. The giant corporations that run most factory farms have found that they can make more money by cramming animals into tiny spaces, even though many of the animals get sick and some die. The industry journal National Hog Farmer explains, “Crowding pigs pays,” and egg-industry expert Bernard Rollins writes that “chickens are cheap; cages are expensive.”
Cows, calves, pigs, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other animals live in extremely stressful conditions:
Kept in small cages or jam-packed sheds or on filthy feedlots, often with so little space that they can’t even turn around or lie down comfortably.
Deprived of exercise so that all their bodies’ energy goes toward producing flesh, eggs, or milk for human consumption.
Fed drugs to fatten them faster and keep them alive in conditions that could otherwise kill them
Genetically altered to grow faster or to produce much more milk or eggs than they naturally would (many animals become crippled under their own weight and die just inches away from water and food).
When they have finally grown large enough, animals raised for food are crowded onto trucks and transported over many kilometres through all weather extremes, typically without food or water, to the slaughterhouse. Those who survive this nightmarish journey will have their throats slit, in an inhumane and often botched operation. Many remain conscious when they are plunged into the scalding-hot water of the defeathering or hair-removal tanks or while their bodies are being skinned or hacked apart.
Intensification of the broiler chicken industry started in the late 1950s, when the use of ‘dual purpose’ chickens for egg and meat production ceased and new poultry strains were produced specifically for meat production. The result of the narrowly focused breeding programs has been a bird which grows twice or three times as fast as a normal chicken.
Over 50 years ago it took 98 days for a chicken to grow to 1.6kg. By 1986, due to selective breeding, it only took 37 days. Baby birds, who still chirp and have soft feathers, have the bodies of adult birds. This unnatural growth rate puts enormous pressure on the heart and immature skeleton and is the cause of many health problems.
Lameness caused by dislocation of joints and bone fractures are major and unavoidable consequence of selective breeding for increased growth rates. Many birds are unable to walk or even stand up well, resulting in ‘hockburn’ as they waddle around in the damp ammonia-soaked litter. Skin problems are exacerbated by the progressive build up of moisture and droppings in the litter. Around two per cent of birds die in the sheds from illness, trauma and starvation when they are unable to reach food and water, or are trampled by other birds.
Selective breeding for rapid growth rates has also led to a syndrome associated with inability of the heart to adapt to the rapid increase in the body. Called Acute Death Syndrome (ADS) or Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS), the cause of death is heart failure and pulmonary oedema, with the animals essentially drowning due to fluid accumulation in the lungs.
A typical facility may house 300,000 birds at a time with 40,000-60,000 birds per shed. Contracted ‘growers’ for the large companies therefore each grow several million birds annually.
Broiler chicken shed
The production system is ‘all-in/all-out’ which means that for the whole of the 5-7 weeks that the birds are in the shed the droppings are allowed to accumulate on the floor. As the chickens grow the air may become polluted with ammonia, dust, bacteria and fungal spores which cause health problems for both people and chickens.
Extreme selection pressure for large breast muscles has further distorted the anatomy of these animals and puts great pressure on their developing legs. They often therefore crouch down with their large breast on the floor of the shed. This frequent contact with the floor of the shed may lead to painful ulceration of the skin known as ‘breast blister’.
Rearing cattle for Wagyu beef or Kobe beef is deplorable — these animals are massaged with sake (Japanese rice wine) and fed beer to ‘make them tender’; which means they are continually in a state of intoxication.
Humanely slaughter animals by cutting through the trachea and oesophagus without stunning or euthanising, like the Hebrews did. Use a very sharp knife and be careful not to nick. (Isolate the animal in an area where it will feel comfortable, trying as much as possible not to alarm it or cause it stress.)
Beekeeping or beefarming is a big business; fifteen to thirty percent of all food crops depend on bees for pollination. Commercial beekeepers transport millions of hives over long distances to track seasonal crops. These journeys clobber the bees with psychological stress, pesticides, disease and related disorders. Even small outfits and hobbyists subject their bees to cruelty such as cutting off the queen’s wings so that she cannot swarm or leave the colony, and larger outfits also have her artificially inseminated on a bee-sized version of the factory farm ‘rape-rack’.
Cutting off the queen bee’s wings
Large commercial operations may also take all the honey instead of leaving the required amount that bees need to sustain themselves. They replace the rich honey with a cheap sugar substitute that is not as fortifying. In colder areas, if the keepers consider it too costly to keep the bees alive through the winter, they destroy the hives by pouring gasoline on them and setting them on fire. Also, bees are often killed or have their wings and legs torn off by haphazard handling.
Honeybees originated in the tropics, and winter mortality in temperate zones remains a serious issue. Colonies across the world have been decimated by Colony Collapse Disorder, a result of the abuses that we have wrought against these fascinating creatures. The range of pesticides, fungicides and invasive procedures it takes to make bee hives profitable is staggering and leads to the extermination of many bees.
Bees belong in the wild and should not be factory farmed or even kept/enslaved as a hobby or in small scale farming. We must let nature take its course and stop destroying the diversity of ecological systems.
Salmon and trout are pink in colour, because of the krill they eat and the carotenoids deposited in their body fat; but farmed salmon and trout are fed pellets to dye their skin, which is otherwise naturally grey. In fish farms and bird parks, carotenoids are added to the feed to create a pink colour. A synthetic ‘nature-identical’ version of the carotenoid astaxanthin has been developed, and zoos also use commercial quantities of the natural colour from cultured yeast and algae.
The true colour of a flamingo is white. Flamingo feathers obtain their wonderful rosy pink colour from pigments in the organisms they eat.
The flamingos’ feathers, legs, and face are coloured by their diet, which is rich in alpha and beta carotenoid pigments.
Carotenoids in crustaceans such as those in the flamingo diet are frequently linked to protein molecules, and may be blue or green. After being digested, the carotenoid pigments dissolve in fats and are deposited in the growing feathers, becoming orange or pink.
The amount of pigment laid down in the feathers depends on the quantity of pigment in the flamingo’s diet. An absence of carotenoids in its food will result in new feather growth that is very pale; the existing pigment is lost through molting.
Flamingos in captivity require a special diet to ensure they preserve their striking colors. Zoos use special flamingo pellets enriched with pigment. Captive flamingos also require water so that they can eat by pumping water through their bills, as they do in the wild.
In the wild, flamingos eat algae, crustaceans, brine shrimp, diatoms, and aquatic plants. At the zoo, a special ‘flamingo fare’ is served. To preserve their rosy colour at the zoo, flamingos are fed a commercially prepared diet high in carotenoids. Initially, zoos fed carrots, red peppers, and dried shrimp to flamingos, but it was found that if synthetic canthaxanthin was added to their feed, nesting and breeding were more successful.
Butterfly farming is another cruel practice. It is the breeding of pupae for sale to local butterfly exhibits or for export to zoos and live exhibitions overseas. Rare butterfly breeds are also captured and kept in hot, stuffy greenhouses, either for breeding or for sale. Collecting dead butterflies for framing as decorations is unnatural and cruel.
Animal cafés, where birds, animals and reptiles are enslaved so that humans can ‘pet’ them, are another evil trend.
The Cat Cafe, Bugis Village, Singapore
Tokyo Owl Cafe, Tokyo, Japan
Bau House Dog Cafe, Seoul, South Korea
“We need, in a special way, to work twice as hard to help people understand that the animals are fellow creatures, that we must protect them and love them as we love ourselves. We know we cannot be kind to animals until we stop exploiting them — exploiting animals in the name of science, exploiting animals in the name of sport, exploiting animals in the name of fashion, and yes, exploiting animals in the name of food.” — César Chávez
“Humanity’s true moral test, its fundamental test… consists of its attitude towards those who are at its mercy: animals.” — Milan Kundera
“Animals Do Not Have A Voice Of Their Own. If We Do Not Stand Up And Speak For Them… Who Will?!” — Joan E. Loza Mobry