Tag Archives: mummies

A Study of Cannibalism


“Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it. And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal. And from each human being, too, I will demand an accounting for the life of another human being. Whoever sheds human blood, by humans shall their blood be shed; for in the image of Yahweh has Yahweh made mankind.” Genesis 9:3-6

After the Great Flood, Yahweh gave Noah and his family, and, subsequently, all mankind, animals as food; but He made it very clear that human flesh was NOT to be eaten. Yahweh made it clear that mankind is unique and distinct from the animal kingdom. Mankind, created in His image, has a value and honour above that of animals. So much so, that even animals are forbidden to eat man: ‘And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. I will demand an accounting from every animal’.

Cannibalism is mentioned several times in the Scriptures (Leviticus 26:29, Deuteronomy 28:53-57, Jeremiah 19:9, Lamentations 2:20; 4:10, Ezekiel 5:10), but in each case, the practice is regarded as a horrible curse and inhuman act of desperation. Moses and other prophets predicted that, if the Israelites forsook Yahweh, they would fall into such terrible degradation they would resort to eating their own children (such as certain animals do — infanticide). These harrowing prophecies were fulfilled during the siege of Samaria during the reign of King Jehoram (2 Kings 6:28-29). Cannibalism was the physical horror which accompanied the spiritual horror of apostasy.

The word ‘cannibal’ first entered the English language in the mid-16th century by means of Spanish explorers. It derives from the Spanish word canibales, which was used by Christopher Columbus in his diaries to describe indigenous people of the Caribbean islands who were rumoured to be eaters of human flesh.
The Greek and then Latin word for cannibals was anthropophagi, which a 1538 dictionary defines as ‘people in Asia, which eate men’.

There are fundamentally two kinds of cannibalistic social behaviour:

Endocannibalism (eating humans from the same community) is defined as a culture, group or tribe’s eating of another culture, group or tribe. This form of cannibalism has been associated with tribal power, murder and aggression and has been used in an effort to scare off possible invading enemies, to get rid of captured enemies of war and slaves. Many cannibalistic tribes believed that eating one’s enemy would allow them to obtain and absorb the spirit and skills of the victim.
Exocannibalism (eating humans from other communities) is the eating of members within one’s own culture, group or tribe, which is often associated with ritual burial ceremonies. Mortuary cannibalism has been considered to be the most widely practiced form of endocannibalism, often excluding murder and focusing on already deceased corpses.

A separate ethical distinction can be made to delineate between the practice of killing a human for food (homicidal cannibalism) versus eating the flesh of a person who was already dead (necro-cannibalism). Other categories of cannibalism then fall under these groups.

Cannibalism dates back to antediluvian times, when fallen angels mated with human women and they conceived giants (Nephilim); these creatures were cannibals who ate humans:

“And the women conceiving brought forth giants, whose stature was each three hundred cubits. These devoured all which the labour of men produced; until it became impossible to feed them. When they turned themselves against men, in order to devour them; and began to injure birds, beasts, reptiles, and fishes, to eat their flesh one after another, and to drink their blood.” Enoch 7:11-14

The Nephilim reappeared on earth after the flood (see Pagan gods, Transhumanism and Cyborgism and Who is the Neanderthal man?), and once more resorted to cannibalism:

“And they spread among the Israelites a bad report about the land they had explored. They said, ‘The land we explored devours those living in it. All the people we saw there are of great size. We saw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anak come from the Nephilim). We seemed like grasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked the same to them.” Numbers 13:32-33

These creatures mated with human women, and man’s DNA was corrupted as it was before the flood; consequently, the genetic mutation that caused the Nephilim to crave human blood (see Hell’s Gate, Naivasha, Kenya) has been passed on to man, who in turn craves human flesh and blood.

There is also proof that Neanderthal man practised cannibalism — a number of the Neanderthal skulls found at Krapina and Ehringsdorf provide evidence of his ritual cannibalism. They had been opened in a certain interesting way. Furthermore, every one of the unearthed skulls Javanese Neanderthal had also been opened. And finally, when Neanderthal skulls opened by the modern headhunters of Borneo for the purpose of lapping up the brains are examined — the skulls having served, handily, as the bowls for their own contents — they are found to have been opened in precisely the same way.

Also, archaeologists in Spain unearthed the remains of a possible family of 12 Neanderthals who were killed a few thousand years ago. The remains were found at the El Sidrón cave in the Asturias region of Northern Spain. Distinct markings on the bones show they fell victim to cannibalism. They have cut marks on many bones, including skulls and mandibles and the long bones, have been fragmented to obtain the marrow.

Cannibalism in Europe

By the 16th century, cannibalism was a common part of everyday medicine from Spain to England. Initially, little bits of pulverised mummies imported from Egypt were used in prescriptions against disease, but the practice soon expanded to include the flesh, skin, bone, blood, fat and urine of local cadavers, such as recently executed criminals and bodies dug up illegally from graveyards. Medicinal cannibalism reached a feverish pitch around 1680, but the practice can be traced back to the Greek doctor Galen, who recommended human blood as part of some remedies in the 2nd century BCE, and it continued all the way into the 20th century. In 1910, a German pharmaceutical catalog was still selling mummy.

Another category is mortuary cannibalism, the eating of the dead during their funeral rites, practised through the 20th century in the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea and the Brazilian and Peruvian Amazon.
The ancient Aztecs in Mexico were believed to have sacrificed and cannibalised thousands of humans on an annual basis. The Aztecs were believed to have practiced exocannibalism, as well as endocannibalism and survival cannibalism. Human sacrifice and cannibalism was practiced in an effort to create a universal balance between of the world and the cosmos. The North American Indians, known as the Iroquoian, believed that sacrificing and eating the bodies of their enemies (hostile cannibalism) would satisfy their war god and lead to their spirit being transferred and absorbed into their own bodies. The absorbed spirit was believed to empower the cannibal with the attributes of the dead person.

Others who have resorted to cannibalism to stave off starvation (survival cannibalism), include the Donner party in 1846 and the survivors of a 1972 plane crash in the Andes. The Donner Party, travelling from the Iowa territory to California in 1846, was trapped in the mountains by severe winter weather and forced into cannibalism to survive. In 1850, four men sailing to Australia from England were stranded adrift in a lifeboat after their yacht sank, when one man became seriously ill, the other three killed and ate him after their supplies ran out.
However, given the Scriptures wholly negative portrayal of cannibalism, it would seem that self-preservation cannot justify such barbarism. Even in the direst and most desperate circumstances, cannibalism should not be a consideration.

Cannibalism was widely practiced in Africa

“When a man died, the body was kept in the house until the evening, when the relatives who had been summoned gathered for the mourning. In some exceptional instances it took one or two days to bring the relatives together, but as a rule all was ready by the evening of the day of death, and at sunset the body was carried to the nearest waste ground and deposited there. At the same time, men of the clan hid themselves in different places round about and, as darkness deepened, they blew upon gourd horns, making a noise like the cry of jackals.

The villagers said that the jackals were coming to eat the dead, and the young people were warned not to go outside. When darkness set in, and it was felt to be safe to work without intrusion from inquisitive onlookers, a number of elderly women relatives of the dead man went to the place where the body lay, and cut it up, carrying back the pieces they wanted to the house of mourning, and leaving the remains to be devoured by wild animals. For the next three, or sometimes four, days the relatives mourned in the house in which the death had taken place, and there they cooked and ate the flesh of the dead, destroying the bones by fire and leaving nothing.” — John Roscoe, The Bagesu and Other Tribes of the Uganda Protectorate, The Royal Society, 1924

“A young Basongo chief came to our Commandant while at dinner in his tent and asked for the loan of his knife, which, without thinking, the Commandant gave him. He immediately disappeared behind the tent and cut the throat of a little slave-girl belonging to him, and was in the act of cooking her when one of our soldiers saw him. This cannibal was immediately put in irons, but almost immediately after his liberation he was brought in by some of our soldiers who said he was eating children in and about our cantonment. He had a bag slung round his neck which, on examining it, we found contained an arm and leg of a young child.” — Sidney Langford Hinde (former captain of the Congo Free State Force), The Fall of the Congo Arabs, Methuen, 1897

Cannibalism has recently been both practiced and fiercely condemned in several wars, especially in Liberia and Congo. Today, the Korowai are one of very few tribes still believed to eat human flesh. It is also still known to be practiced as a ritual and in war in various Melanesian tribes. Fears of cannibalism in the North Korea surfaced in 2003, amid testimony from refugees who claimed poor harvests and food aid sanctions had resulted in children being killed and corpses cut up for food. North Koreans in the nation’s breadbasket who do not not resort to cannibalism may have to contend with murderous relatives who do. For many people in the afflicted provinces of North Korea, starvation or being eaten are the most common causes of death.

The global human trafficking organisation partly caters to the Nephilim/royals/elite, who are cannibals by nature, as does the black market business of buying and selling body parts (usually from hospitals and mortuaries), which are also used in Satanic rituals.

Cannibalism is practised in China. Due to increasing population in China, the one-child policy, a part of the family planning policy, was introduced between 1978 and 1980. It began to be formally phased out in 2015. The policy allowed many exceptions and ethnic minorities were exempt. In 2007, 36 percent of China’s population was subject to a strict one-child restriction, with an additional 53 percent being allowed to have a second child if the first child was a girl. Moreover, many couples who were both only children were allowed to have two kids even during the era of the one-child policy.

Yet, the people who were subjected to the policy often received inhuman treatment when they broke it. Provincial governments imposed fines for violations, and the local and national governments created commissions to raise awareness and carry out registration and inspection work. The methods used to enforce the policy ranged from the wide distribution of diverse contraceptive methods; financial sanctions; and forced abortions and sterilisations for those who did not comply. In 2013, the Chinese government revealed that 336 million abortions and 196 million sterilisations had been performed since the early 1970s, when the country began moving to limit its population.

For fear of these inhumane methods being forced upon them, some Chinese would undergo home abortions and the cook and eat the foetuses.

In North Korea, a ‘hidden famine’ in the in the farming provinces of North and South Hwanghae is believed to have killed up to 10,000 people and there are fears that incidents of cannibalism have risen.

In 2013, a starving man in the reclusive country was executed after murdering his two children for food. The father killed his eldest daughter while his wife was away on business and then killed his son because he had witnessed the murder. When his wife returned the man told her they had ‘meat’ but she became suspicious and contacted officials who discovered part of the children’s bodies.

The grim story was just one to emerge as residents battled starvation after a drought hit farms and shortages were compounded by party officials confiscating food the two provinces, which was given to the residents of the capital Pyongyang.

Undercover reporters from Asia Press told The Sunday Times that one man dug up his grandchild’s corpse and ate it. Another boiled his own child for food. The Sunday Times also quoted an official of the ruling Korean Worker’s party as saying: “In a village in Chongdan county, a man who went mad with hunger boiled his own child, ate his flesh and was arrested.”

Here’s an excerpt from a news story:

In 2013, a North Korean man living in Australia claimed that human flesh is served up to eat in the country’s third largest city. Sung Min Jeong, 44, said that in Chongjin — a city at the tip of the North Korean coast — a shopkeeper serves up human meat.

“One of his strongest thoughts is … if he didn’t take steps to leave North Korea, he would’ve become a North Korean who ate human flesh,” an interpreter for Mr Jeong told news.com.au. The thought that he would have to one day eat a fellow human being is what drove Mr Jeong to leave his homeland behind and to escape to Sydney in March 2011.

It is not the first time reports of cannibalism have emerged from the secretive state. Fears that famine-stricken North Koreans are being forced to eat human flesh heightened earlier this year following claims a man was executed for murdering his two children for food.

“While his wife was away on business he killed his eldest daughter and, because his son saw what he had done, he killed his son as well. When the wife came home, he offered her food, saying: ‘We have meat,'” a source told The Independent.

“But his wife, suspicious, notified the Ministry of Public Security, which led to the discovery of part of their children’s bodies under the eaves.”

Renewed reports of cannibalism came after a human rights group accused North Korea of operating a system of secret gulag-style prison camps, according to reports.

Fears of cannibalism in the country surfaced in 2003 too, amid testimony from refugees who claimed poor harvests and food aid sanctions had resulted in children being killed and corpses cut up for food.

According to reports, requests by the United Nations World Food Programme to access “farmers’ markets” where human meat was said to be traded, were turned down by Pyongyang, citing “security reasons”.

Those caught selling human meat face execution, but one source told the North Korean Refugees Assistance Fund: “Pieces of ‘special’ meat are displayed on straw mats for sale.

“People know where they come from, but they don’t talk about it.”

In Pakistan, Mohammad Farman Ali and Mohammad Arif Ali were sentenced to two years in jail for stealing a corpse from a grave and using it to make meat curry. Because they killed no one and there is no law relating to cannibalism in Pakistan, the pair only served about two years in jail for desecrating a grave following their arrest in April 2011:

It all started after a 24-year-old woman, Saira Parveen, died of throat cancer and was buried by her relatives. The next morning, some women of the family visited her grave and found that it had caved in.

“We opened the grave, and were horrified to discover that the body had gone. We called the local elders, who called the police,” says Aijaz Hussain, the dead woman’s brother.

Police investigations led them to the house of the Ali brothers.

“We raided the house in mid-morning in the presence of local elders,” says Inspector Fakhar Bhatti, the police official who led the raid.

“Arif was sleeping in his room. His father and one of his sisters were there. Farman was absent. We searched the house, and then asked for the key to Farman’s room, which was locked.”

When they opened the room, a stale smell of cooking and dead flesh hit them.

“In the middle of the room, I saw a cooking pot which was half full of meat curry. Nearby was a wooden board, a butcher’s axe and a large kitchen knife. Bits of fat clung to the board and the blade of the axe.”

The food had attracted a colony of ants; their line vanished under a bed.

“We followed the ants. There were a couple of sacks of fertiliser under the bed. We pulled them out, and behind them, inside a gunny bag, we found the body,” says Inspector Bhatti.

“It still gives me the creeps; they had chopped off one of her legs below the knee, and the other one near the shin. The rest of the body was intact. The curry was made from those parts. We got it analysed at a laboratory in Multan.”

When questioned by the police, the brothers admitted to having dug up and devoured several other dead bodies from the local graveyard. They said they had been doing it for a couple of years.

The question is, how did they get into such a macabre business?

Inspector Bhatti says the police came across leads that the Ali brothers had been in touch with a man accused of being a sorcerer who locals caught stealing a body from a grave some years earlier.

“We couldn’t follow up on that lead because the man disappeared without a trace,” he says.

During interrogation, Farman Ali admitted that he had written “certain verses of the Koran in reverse as a way of casting a spell on his neighbours”, said Inspector Bhatti.

“He said for the spell to be effective, the brothers had to remain unclean and eat human flesh.”

So, eating human flesh renders one unclean in the eyes of society and, most importantly, spiritually unclean in the Eyes of our Creator Yahweh Almighty.

Obedience to Yahweh is more than a soldier obeying his Commander. It is our grateful response to the Lover of our souls.